Here are five different types of child adoptions available in the U.S., listed by cost. (2)
- Public agency: You can become a foster parent if you are single, married, or in a domestic partnership, and you do not need to own a home. Learn more about fostering and fostering-to-adopt by attending one of Clark County’s virtual information sessions. The Nevada State Adoption Assistance Program provides financial assistance to foster parents. $0-$2,500 (3)
- Facilitated/Unlicensed: A facilitator connects adoptive parents to birth parents for a fee. This is the least regulated type of adoption. $5,000-$40,000
- Private: Birth parent(s) relinquish their rights to an agency, and the birth parents choose the adoptive parent(s). Or, the adoption occurs directly between the adoptive and birth parents. $5,000-$40,000+
- International: Adoptive parents must follow the laws of the host country and U.S. laws, including international regulations such as the Hague Convention, and must obtain an immigrant visa for their child via the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). $7,000-$30,000+
- Independent: Private attorneys (without agencies) match the birth and adoptive parents. $8,000-$40,000+
- Be sure to check out DCSF’s Guide to Adoption to learn more about each process and the associated fees. (4)
Here are three primary ways LGBTQ+ people can have a biological child, listed by cost.
- Artificial Insemination: A doctor inserts a donor’s sperm into a cervix (ICI) or uterus (IUI). The former can be performed at home, and the latter in a doctor’s office. The donor can be known, or someone selected from an agency. $300-$1,000/cycle (5)
- In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): A doctor removes an egg from an ovary, fertilizes it with sperm outside of the body, and freezes it or transfers the embryo to the uterus where the child is carried to term. This step is necessary for surrogacy. $10,000-$15,000/cycle (6)
- Surrogacy: A surrogate can be someone you know, or someone an agency selects to carry your child. $90,000-$150,000 (7)
If you are unsure if you want to have kids, consider preserving your egg or sperm, especially before having medical or hormone treatments, so you can have the option to choose later. $6,000-$10,000 (8)
Insurance may not cover all fertility expenses, but in Nevada, CoFertility has a list of LGBTQ+ fertility grants and financial aid specifically for IVF.
As the African proverb goes, “It takes a village to raise a child.” As you embark on this life-altering journey, remember, you don’t have to do it alone. Use the resources available in our “village” so you can have the information you need to plan ahead and make your dream of having a family a reality.
- USDA, “The Cost of Raising a Child” – bit.ly/30Gp4lk
- HRC, “How Much Does Adoption Cost?” – bit.ly/3ldwlCx
- Nevada State Adoption Assistance Program – bit.ly/38A7ynk
- Nevada Department of Health & Human Services Division of Child & Family Services, “Guide to Adoption” – bit.ly/3ev9D7P
- Parents, “Artificial Insemination: Procedures, Costs, and Success Rates bit.ly/2NbXk4X
- Very Well Family “How Much Does IVG Really Cost?” – bit.ly/2Osmkp9
- US News & World Report, “The Cost of Using a Surrogate – And How To Pay For It” – bit.ly/3exgI7I
- Yale Medicine, “Is Egg Freezing Right For You?” – bit.ly/38Ak8mn